This wasn’t one of my favorite Frontline programs, but it did raise some interesting and important points.
After watching it, I dug further back into the Frontline episodes and found one from 2006 – “Can You Afford to Retire?” – that I also watched online.
While I found “Can You Afford to Retire?” the better of the two episodes (and surprisingly still relevant despite all that has taken place economically since 2006), together the two programs paint a troubling picture of how prepared American workers are for retirement.
Specifically, there are at least three big issues with retirement planning in the US today:
1. The cost and decision-making have shifted from employers to employees.
Over the last generation, the country has moved away from pension plans, whose cost and decision-making was the responsibility of the employer, to IRAs and 401(k) plans, where the cost and decision-making are with the worker.
Among the things American workers now have to sort out:
• What plans are available to them?
• Which to participate in?
• How much to contribute?
• Where to invest the money?
It’s confusing and overwhelming for many (most?) and we’re not doing such a hot job with the decisions we’re making.
2. High fees can cost us a big part of our retirement.
“The Retirement Gamble” spent a lot of time on this point. 401(k) and mutual fund fees can make a surprisingly big difference in how much money you have at retirement.
A fee of 2%, which sounds kind of low, actually isn’t low at all.
Over the course of a lifetime of retirement investing, that kind of fee can make a difference of hundreds of thousands of dollars in an investor’s retirement. That, in turn, can translate into having to work more years.
Many employees aren’t aware of the kind of impact that fees can have (I certainly wasn’t).
3. We’re not saving enough for retirement.
The “Can You Afford to Retire?” program made these points:
• 25% – 30% of employees eligible for a 401(k) program don’t participate (and many don’t even have one available to them)
• Less than 10% contribute the maximum allowed
Also, leakage (or using 401(k) savings for things other than retirement) can leave us with a shortfall at retirement.
The Good News
Despite all this scariness and general negativity, there is some good news for you and me.
Namely, that all of the things I listed above are within our control.
We can educate ourselves on the options, look for low fee investments, and start finding ways to contribute more.
There are other things that will affect our retirement, like:
• Social Security: Will it still be there for us so we won’t have to be completely dependent on our own savings?
• The stock market: will our retirement investments continue to grow?
• Inflation: Will it stay in check, so our retirement dollars will actually buy something?
Who knows? These things are out of our control, but we can certainly focus on what is within it.
First Steps to More Control
My husband watched the first program with me and we’ve found ourselves talking about retirement over the couple of days since.
We’ve been doing things like:
• Pulling reports and paperwork on our investments.
• Requesting paperwork from my husband’s company.
• Pulling our Social Security statements.
• Talking about when and how we want to retire.
It’s actually been empowering and even kind of fun.
Finally, a couple of other things I found interesting in watching the two Frontline programs:
- The 401(k) plan was originally designed to be a tax loophole and, even when it became more widely used, was only supposed to supplement other kinds of retirement plans.
- Many employees want investment decisions made for them and that might be a trend we see more of in the future.
Did you watch “The Retirement Gamble?” What are your thoughts on saving and investing for retirement? Let’s talk about it in the comments.